Lesson 37: List of Grammatical Terms in Twi

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Unlike the previous grammar lessons, the present lesson only lists a number of English grammatical terminologies and their respective Twi names. As you may well be aware of, such a lesson outline has so far been typical of our vocabulary lessons. The decision to classify this lesson under the grammar course is ONLY informed by the fact that the terms to be covered relate more to grammar and, for that matter, its categorisation under the grammar section will allow for easy access. Other than that, what this lesson basically seeks to do is to add up to your vocabulary knowledge, just like the various vocabulary lessons.

From this lesson, you will get to know the Twi names of some punctuation marks, parts of speech, literary terms, and grammatical functions.

Let’s begin with the punctuation marks.


Twi Names of Punctuation Marks

Symbol Twi Name English
agyinahyɛdeɛ punctuation mark
. osiwieɛ full stop
, nsanhɔ comma
: osiprenu colon
; osisan semi colon
? asɛmmisa nsɛnkyerɛne question mark
ogya nsɛnkyerɛne apostrophe
nkabom nsɛnkyerɛne hyphen
! nteamudeɛ exclamation mark
‘ ‘ ” “ nkatomdeɛ inverted commas
( ) [ ] nkahyɛmdeɛ bracket


Twi Grammar Terms

Twi English
kasa mmara grammar
atwerɛdeɛ letter
ntwerɛdeɛ alphabet
asɛmfua word
ɔkasasin phrase
ɔkasamufa clause
ɔkasamufa titire main clause
ɔkasamufa kumaa subordinate clause
ɔkasamu sentence
ɔkasamu tiawa simple sentence
ɔkasamu tenten compound sentence
kasapɛn paragraph
kratafa page
ɔfa chapter
nsianimu prefix
nsiakyire suffix
nnianumu preface
aseda acknowledgement
anom nnyegyeɛ consonants
ɛnne nnyegyeɛ vowels
adeyɛ verb
ɔkyerɛfoɔ adverb
adeyɛ boafoɔ verb complement
edin noun
edin nkyerɛkyerɛmu adjective
edinnsiananmu pronoun
ɔdedeɛ possessive pronoun
edin hunu common noun
edin pa proper noun
nkabomdeɛ conjunction
ntamgyinafoɔ emphatic particle
daa kabea simple present tense
twam kabea simple past tense
daakye kabea future tense
ayɛasie kabea perfect tense
ɛnsiiɛ kabea continuous tense
aane kabea affirmative/positive
dabi kabea negative
baako kabea singular
dodoɔ kabea plural
ɔhyɛ kabea imperative
abirabɔ antonym
nkyerɛase korɔ synonym
akontabudeɛ numeral
ɔyɛfoɔ subject
ayɛdeɛ object
nkasaeɛ predicate
asɛmmisa question
nhwɛsoɔ example
dwumadie exercise
ayɛsɛm/abasɛm story
susutwerɛ composition
ɔkatwerɛ dictation
ɛbɛ proverb
kasakoa idiom
asesɛsɛm/ntotohosɛm simile
nnyinahɔma metaphor
anwensɛm poem
anihanehane hyperbole


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Tikya Yaw
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6 Responses
  1. Joe Appiah-Kubi

    Your works are wonderful. l have found them really resourceful. l have made more notes from your valuable works. l know my pupils will be bright through your works one day. Bravo! May be l am yet to see your publications on noun, adjectives, adverbs, conjunction and so on. lf there is any works like that, please let me know. l need your number.

    1. Yaw

      Me nua, thank you and I’m glad the project is helping you and the young ones you teach. Yes, there are lessons on all you’ve listed. Please find the links to each of them below:





      To check out all the grammar lessons on the blog, click here: https://www.learnakan.com/category/akan-twi-grammar/

      For all the vocabulary lessons, click here: https://www.learnakan.com/category/akan-twi-vocabulary/

  2. Klinsmann John Odoom

    Congratulations Yaw. Indeed, you’re doing a good job. Your expressions, grammar and examples are perfect. I do really enjoy your works. Well done. Keep it up!. Have you done a work on clause and phrase? I need it most. Thank you.
    Klinsmann John Odoom

    1. Yaw

      Thank you Klinsmann. We set out on the basics for the first part. The second batch of lessons to be published will focus more on those. Be on the look-out for them soon.

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