Lesson 21: Twi Demonstrative Pronouns | Twi Grammar

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Give yourself a pat on the back if you have gone through and understood all the lessons on Twi pronouns thus far. We have looked at:

Twi Pronouns

Twi Personal Pronouns

Twi Subject Pronouns

Twi Object Pronouns

Twi Possessive Pronouns

Twi Reflexive Pronouns, and

Twi Relative Pronouns.

Now, let’s look at demonstrative pronouns in Twi.

What is a Demonstrative Pronoun?

A demonstrative pronoun is a pronoun that is used to point to something specific in a sentence. The most popular demonstrative pronouns there are in English are this, that, these, those. 

Important Note

It is very important that you don’t confuse demonstrative pronouns and demonstrative adjectives/determiners. While the same set of words are used for both, demonstrative adjectives are used to modify nouns, while demonstrative pronouns replace nouns.

Let’s differentiate between them with some examples

DEMONSTRATIVE ADJECTIVESDEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS
this car is expensivethis is expensive
those books are minethose are mine
Kofi gave her that ringKofi gave her that

As you can see from the examples above, demonstrative adjectives in English are directly followed by the nouns they modify, while demonstrative pronouns, having replaced nouns, stand on their own.

Twi Demonstrative Pronouns

TWIENGLISH
yeithis
yeinomthese
(ɛ)nothat
ɛnonomthose

Usage Examples

TWIENGLISH
mepɛ yeiI want/like this
yei ne m’akoma so adeɛthis is my heart’s desire
ɔtɔnn yeinom nyinaahe/she sold all these
yeinom nyinaa yɛ ne deaall these are his/hers
*ɛno na mepɛthat is what I like; it is that which I like
*ɛnyɛ ɛno ne no?isn’t that it? (lit: is it not that is (which is) it?)
ɛnonom yɛ dɛ kyɛn yeinomthose are delicious than these
pam ɛnonomsew those

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