Lesson 11: Countable and Uncountable Nouns in Twi

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This will be the last lesson under the types of Twi nouns there are. In this lesson, we combine two opposing types: countable and uncountable nouns.

Be sure to pick some Twi vocabulary as you go through the lesson.

 

What is a countable noun?

Any noun that identifies something that can be counted can be classified as a countable noun. Thus, if you can think of any noun that can have both a singular and plural form, then that noun is ‘countable’ and hence a countable noun.

 

Examples of countable nouns in Twi

Since countable nouns have singular and plural forms, we will give both in the table below.

Twi (Singular) Twi (Plural) English
kube nkube coconut/coconuts
akwadaa nkwadaa child/children
ɔman aman country/countries
okristoni akristofoɔ Christian/Christians
krataa nkrataa paper/papers
aboa mmoa animal/animals
kuro nkuro town/towns
asase nsase land/lands
ɔkyerɛkyerɛni akyerɛkyerɛfoɔ teacher/teachers
opolisini apolisifoɔ police officer/officers
adaka nnaka box/boxes
atere ntere spoon/spoons
ɛdan adan house/houses
nipa nnipa human being/beings
kraman nkraman dog/dogs

 

Usage examples – Countable nouns

1. Akwadaa no se ɔne sukuu nkwadaa no nni agorɔ.

    The child says he/she will not play with the school children.

2. Opolisini no ada.

     The police officer has slept.

3. Ntere no yɛ sɛn?

     How many are the spoons.

4. Kraman no awo; yɛanya nkraman pii.

     The dog has given birth; we’ve gotten many dogs.

5. Ɛdan baako pɛ na w’ani agye saa no? Yɛwɔ adan nsia.

     Just one house and you are this happy? We have six houses.

 

What is an uncountable noun?

In a sharp contrast to countable nouns, uncountable nouns denote things that cannot be counted. Can you count, for example, water (nsuo)? I bet you can’t. So, the noun water (nsuo) can be classified as an uncountable noun. Let’s look at some examples below.

Twi English
ahoɔden strength
nimdeɛ knowledge
afotuo advice
ɛmo rice
asikyire sugar
tumi power/authority
anyinam ahoɔden electrical power (electricity)
kaseɛ news
sika money
nsa(den) alcohol
aboterɛ patience
ɔdɔ love
anigyeɛ happiness
awerɛhoɔ sadness
asoɔden stubborness

 

Usage examples – Uncountable nouns

6. Aboterɛ wie nkonimdie.

    Patience ends in victory.

7. Tumi na wode kasa.

     You speak with authority.

8. Kofi wɔ ahoɔden.

     Kofi has strength.

9. asikyire ma me.

     Buy me sugar.

10. Wonom nsa dodo.

     You drink too much alcohol.

 

Add more to the list; try and form simple sentences with the examples given. Make sure you pay particular attention to their spellings.

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Tikya Yaw
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2 Responses
    1. Yaw

      Hi Timmy :). It is spelt “afuo” and it is not the Twi name for forest. “afuo” means “farm” and it does have a plural form: “mfuo”. If you add ‘m’ to “afuo” (afuom), you are now roughly saying “in the farm/the inside of the farm”. Forest, on the other hand, is “kwaeɛ” in Twi.

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