Lesson 15: List of Twi Antonyms (Abirabɔ)

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In our last lesson under the Twi vocabulary module, we looked at the Twi names of some common tools and equipment. If you missed it, you may click on Lesson 14: Twi Names of Some Tools and Equipment to check it out.

The present lesson, lesson 15 of the Twi vocabulary course, lists some common Twi antonyms. One of the surest ways to speed up your learning and master the language is to expand your vocabulary. To do this, I encourage you to try and find antonyms and synonyms of every new word you learn. If you need help, you may leave your questions in the comments section below the lesson, or contact me here.

I’m assuming you know what an antonym is. Yes, a word that means the opposite or almost opposite of another word. A word can have one or more antonyms. Examples of antonyms in English include:

  • good/bad
  • yes/no
  • day/night


In the table below, I list some Twi antonyms. If you have more, please contribute by leaving them in the comments section below the lesson.


Twi Antonyms (Abirabɔ)

Word (Twi) Opposite (Twi) English
soro ɛfam up/down
bisa yi ano/bua ask/answer
asɛmmisa mmuaeɛ question/answer
ka bom te firim’ add/subtract
opanin akwadaa adult/child
ohufoɔ kokoɔdurufoɔ coward/brave person
da nyane/sɔre sleep/wake up
ɔpɛberɛ osutɔberɛ dry season/rainy season
nkwa owuo life/death
 anim akyire front/back
ahyɛaseɛ awieeɛ beginning/end
papa bɔne good/bad
kɛseɛ ketewa big/small
tuntum fitaa/fufuo black/white
tɔn buy/sell
anigyeɛ awerɛhoɔ happiness/sadness
bue to mu (tom’) open/close
awɔ ahuhuro cold/hot (weather)
anom nnyegyeɛ ɛnne nnyegyeɛ consonants/vowels
toa so twa so continue/end
nokorɛ atorɔ truth/lie
su sere cry/laugh
awareɛ awaregyaeɛ marriage/divorce
apueeɛ atɔeɛ east/west
atifi anaafoɔ north/south
adamfoɔ ɔtamfo friend/enemy
nkonim nkoguo victory/defeat
barima ɔbaa male/female
bra go/come
ɛha ɛhɔ here/there
okunu ɔyere husband/wife
tenten tiatia tall/short
mono dada new/old
benkum nifa left/right
nkyene asikyire salt/sugar
aane dabi yes/no
nokwafoɔ ɔtorofoɔ/kontomponi truthful person/liar
ɔdɔ ɔtan love/hatred
akyirikyiri bɛnkyɛeɛ far/near
ɔnyansafoɔ ogyimifoɔ sensible person/stupid person
ɔhyew onwunu hot/cold
boasetɔ/aboterɛ abufuo calm/anger
soa soɛ carry (on the head)/bring down (from the head)
ɔkyerɛkyerɛni osuani teacher/learner
ohiani osikani/ɔdefoɔ the poor/the rich
ɛhann esum light/darkness
ɔhɔhoɔ ɔmanni stranger/citizen
piesie kaakyire first-born child/last-born child
kyekyere sane tie/untie
komm/dinn dede quiet/noise
ɔteasefoɔ owufoɔ the living/the dead
abu so ɛho yɛ den abundant/scarce
foro siane ascend (climb)/descend
yareɛ apɔmuden disease (sickness)/health
ɛma hwee full/empty
hare nyaa fast/slow
den mmerɛ hard/soft
kasa tie speak/listen
ababaawa aberewa young woman/old woman
aberanteɛ akɔkoraa young man/old man
hyira dome bless/curse
nwono sweet/bitter
nini bedeɛ male/female (attached to animal names to indicate their sex)
ɔdehyeɛ akoa royal/slave



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